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Management of Near Stream Areas

Quality management of land near the stream is critical to protect water quality and habitat for beneficial wildlife. Inadequate near-stream management has reduced salmon and trout populations, increased the costs of domestic water treatment, increased livestock diseases, increased sediment in irrigation, increased algae growth, and reduced downstream scenic and recreational values. Appropriate near-stream management benefits water quality by reductions in water temperatures, erosion, sediment, and bacteria in streams.

Land near streams should be managed wisely to avoid two primary problems; lack of ground cover and lack of shade. Without ground cover, runoff carries soil, bacteria, pesticides, and fertilizer into the stream. Without shade, stream water gets warmer. Warm water can not hold enough dissolved oxygen for salmon or trout. Warm water promotes growth of bacteria and algae.

Benefits of Effective Near Stream Management:

Recommendations

Guidelines

Establish a vegetated buffer at least 35 feet wide beside streams to reduce erosion and filter runoff.

What can be done?


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This page was last updated on November 15, 2002